State


State
   Pyi-ne (plural: pyi-ne-myar) in the Burmese (Myanmar) language; refers to the major unit of territorial administration below the national level (along with divisions) and above the district and township levels. There are seven states: Arakan (Rakhine), Chin, Kachin, Karen (Kayin), Kayah, Mon, and Shan. Under the Constitution of 1947, the states, which generally corresponded to the territory of the colonial-era Frontier Areas, had quasi-federal powers and were recognized as the homelands of the major ethnic minorities. However, the distinction between states and divisions (which also number seven) became administratively and politically irrelevant after the Constitution of 1974 was adopted, and the new constitution being drafted by the reconvened National Convention may weaken their identity further by granting smaller ethnic groups, such as the Was, "autonomous regions." At present, each state is under the authority of a "Peace and Development Council" composed of Tatmadaw officers, under the command of the State Peace and Development Council.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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